at the Vermont Military Department
Ethan Allen Firing Range and Camp Johnson comprise about 12,000 acres
of land. These military lands, in conjunction with similar military
lands located throughout the Unites States, may contain a large amount
of historic and pre-historic information about the settlement of North
Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act requires every
Federal Agency to "take into Account" the effects of its
undertakings on properties that are listed in, or are eligible for,
the National Historic Register of Historic Places, and afford the
Advisory Council on Historic Preservation a reasonable opportunity
to comment on those undertakings and their effects.
The Vermont State Military Department in conjunction with the University
of Vermont (UVM) is currently conducting a baseline survey to identify
potential historic and prehistoric sites on Camp Johnson and the Ethan
Allen Firing Range. UVM scientists are also developing predictive
models of potential archaeological sites using data from test pits,
known sites, geology, hydrology, and other information. Test pits
taken at Camp Johnson in Colchester, Vermont, are being used to verify
one of these models.
Over 100 potential
historical sites have been identified on the Ethan Allen Firing Range.
Many of these sites have extant remains like chimneys and standing
walls. Area maps beginning in the late 1800s and spanning through
the early 1940s suggest potential occurrence of 100 farms/residences,
5 craft sites, 9 industrial sites, 2 religious sites, 1 post office,
4 bridges, 5 military sites, 5 schools, 1 store, 1 CCC camp and 1
memorial site. References on the earliest maps indicate some of the
structures may date to settlement periods.
After these baseline
surveys are complete, the Military Department will be completing 5-year
Integrated Cultural Resource Management Plans (ICRMP) for the Ethan
Allen Firing Range and Camp Johnson. These plans will be made available
in draft form for public review and comment before the plans are finalized.
The University of Vermont's Consulting Archaeology Program is also
developing an historic walking trail on the Ethan Allen Firing Range
in the West Bolton area. This self-guided trail will be available
for educational purposes and takes the hiker back in time to explore
places where people once lived, worked, worshipped and played. The
1.4 mile trail will provide a pleasant 1-hour walk. This trail is
currently not ready for use by the public, but should be open by reservation
in the near